Fire sales, rather than bailouts, might be better, according to new research. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)
Fire sales, rather than bailouts, might be better, according to new research. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)Corporate bailouts impose severe costs on society and may be an overused way to handle companies on the brink of collapse, two economists argue in a new research paper, raising questions about the effectiveness of federal bailout funds in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Gay and bisexual women regarded COVID-19 as a greater threat at the start of the pandemic.
Gay and bisexual women regarded COVID-19 as a greater threat at the start of the pandemic.At the onset of pandemic shelter-in-place orders and safety precautions in the spring of 2020, American women who identify as lesbian or bisexual perceived COVID-19 to be a bigger threat to themselves, their families and their communities than heterosexual women did, according to a new study that offers the first evidence of perceptions of and exposure to the coronavirus among sexual minority women.

Your evening snack may help your brain. (Unsplash/Iryna Mykhaylova)
Your evening snack may help your brain. (Unsplash/Iryna Mykhaylova)In the first large-scale analysis connecting specific long-term eating habits to cognitive activity in people’s later years, U.S. researchers tied daily consumption of cheese and red wine to higher levels of fluid intelligence.

Genetics may outweigh the age at which a musician starts playing when it comes to success. (AP Photo/Barry Brecheisen)
Genetics may outweigh the age at which a musician starts playing when it comes to success. (AP Photo/Barry Brecheisen)A genetic predisposition for music, along with practice time and family environmental influences, may have a larger impact on the success of professional musicians than the age at which they began studying music, new research found through a study of professional musicians and twins.

There may be a link between political corruption and dividend payouts. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)
There may be a link between political corruption and dividend payouts. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)Companies headquartered in U.S. states with higher levels of political corruption pay out more to investors through dividends and stock buybacks, according to new research by three Canadian academics.

Confucian cultures such as China's have handled COVID-19 better than others. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)
Confucian cultures such as China's have handled COVID-19 better than others. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)Nations where East and South Asian cultures predominate have been “significantly better” than the rest of the world at preventing the spread of COVID-19, new research suggests, a finding that highlights potential cultural obstacles for Western policymakers scrambling to get the pandemic under control in their countries.

Time-lapse gradient light interference microscopy, or GLIM, left, and phase imaging with computational specificity imaged over seven days. (Popescu group)
Time-lapse gradient light interference microscopy, or GLIM, left, and phase imaging with computational specificity imaged over seven days. (Popescu group)An artificial intelligence-powered imaging method developed by a University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign research group can capture live cells without using fluorescent dyes, which are toxic to some specimens.

There may be a new medical use for this pricey metal. (Unsplash/Sharon McCutcheon)
There may be a new medical use for this pricey metal. (Unsplash/Sharon McCutcheon)Gold's well-known antibacterial properties are derived from mechanical stress it applies to cells, according to a study published in Advanced Materials, in which bacteria were exposed to nanoparticles of the precious metal and had their cell walls stretched beyond their breaking point.

Stevia affects gut microbes, which could lead to health issues, according to a study. (Unsplash/Sharon McCutcheon)
Stevia affects gut microbes, which could lead to health issues, according to a study. (Unsplash/Sharon McCutcheon)Stevia interferes with signaling between gut bacteria and could lead to health complications, according to a study published in Molecules, although its authors said more research into the natural sugar substitute’s safety is necessary.

The brain has monitor cells that help keep seizures in check. (AP Photo/David Duprey)
The brain has monitor cells that help keep seizures in check. (AP Photo/David Duprey)Researchers at the San Francisco-based Gladstone Institutes discovered in mice studies that the brain's microglia, cells that constantly monitor surrounding neurons, keep spontaneous seizures in check by tempering neuronal hyperactivity.

South Koreans favor offering public assistance to female refugees from the north more than male refugees. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)
South Koreans favor offering public assistance to female refugees from the north more than male refugees. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)South Koreans are more likely to favor providing public assistance to women who flee North Korea than they do men, a new survey found, amid a growing influx of refugees and reduced government funding for resettlement.

Bonefish gather in huge schools near the surface before diving to spawn. (FAU/Tom Henshilwood)
Bonefish gather in huge schools near the surface before diving to spawn. (FAU/Tom Henshilwood)U.S. scientists for the first time documented how bonefish, an economically important fish that lives in waters no deeper than six feet, spawn at remarkable depths as low as 450 feet, revealing important information for conserving the near-threatened species.

Cuts in police forces lead to dramatic spikes in crime, as data from Newark, N.J. shows. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)
Cuts in police forces lead to dramatic spikes in crime, as data from Newark, N.J. shows. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)Cities that make sudden cuts to their police forces could be inviting a lasting crime surge, new research suggests, with municipalities that lay off police officers in times of fiscal strain potentially trading public safety for a balanced budget.

A study of Italian data shows some surprises when it comes to who suffers the most from extreme heat. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)
A study of Italian data shows some surprises when it comes to who suffers the most from extreme heat. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)Unmarried people who live alone, women with little education and — in a unique finding — men at opposite ends of the education spectrum were at higher risk of death due to increasingly severe high temperatures in northern Italy, according to the first comprehensive assessment of social inequalities in the relationship between urban heat and health outcomes.

Female far-right supporters in Europe, like France's Marine Le Pen, tend to come from different backgrounds than their male counterparts. (AP Photo/Michael Spingler)
Female far-right supporters in Europe, like France's Marine Le Pen, tend to come from different backgrounds than their male counterparts. (AP Photo/Michael Spingler)Women who support European far-right parties typically don’t come from socially conservative or blue-collar backgrounds, unlike their male counterparts, according to new research, a finding that complicates prevailing narratives about how such parties appeal to the voting public.

Short telomeres contribute to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. (AP Photo/National Cancer Institute)
Short telomeres contribute to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. (AP Photo/National Cancer Institute)Researchers in the United Kingdom say they’ve found the strongest evidence yet that short telomeres contribute to the cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a deadly and incurable lung disease of mysterious origins that affects millions worldwide.

Availability of options is important to employees when it comes to insurance. (AP Photo/U.S. Centers for Medicaid & Medicare)
Availability of options is important to employees when it comes to insurance. (AP Photo/U.S. Centers for Medicaid & Medicare)Employees are more likely to select an employer-sponsored health insurance plan that was “grandfathered” into compliance with the Affordable Care Act than a plan created after the law passed in 2010, according to recent research, suggesting that flexible options are crucial as U.S. lawmakers consider further health care reform.

Allegations of scandal hurt the parties and seem to help the politicians accused. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)
Allegations of scandal hurt the parties and seem to help the politicians accused. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)Allegations from one of America’s two major political parties against the other may in fact backfire against both amid increased polarization, according to a recent paper, while benefiting politicians who stand accused.

Areas where more young adults live at home with family have higher COVID-19 death rates. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
Areas where more young adults live at home with family have higher COVID-19 death rates. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)Regions where more young adults live with their parents have experienced significantly higher rates of COVID-19 deaths, according to a new study based on European and U.S. data.

Dogmatic thinkers tend to seek out those who agree with them. (Unsplash/NeONBRAND)
Dogmatic thinkers tend to seek out those who agree with them. (Unsplash/NeONBRAND)People whose political, scientific or religious principles are dogmatic remain reluctant to seek out new information that could refine their beliefs even though the internet now makes it easily available, a dynamic that may be driven by fundamental cognitive processes, according to recent research involving American adults.

Supervisors who feel appreciated by their workers do better jobs. (Unsplash/Ryan Clark)
Supervisors who feel appreciated by their workers do better jobs. (Unsplash/Ryan Clark)Supervisors reported higher levels of energy, optimism and job satisfaction when their employees showed regular appreciation and gratitude, according to a recent study focused on managers at an American university.