Baby corals will have more trouble replenishing the world’s largest reef in anticipated hotter climates unless water-quality guidelines are adjusted to manage deadly human-generated sediment, researchers recently found.
Scientists in Oregon discovered the process behind a “bystander effect” phenomenon through which traumatic brain injury or disease can result in otherwise healthy nearby neurons temporarily shutting down and impairing nervous system function.
The number of sharks and rays roaming the world’s open seas and oceans plummeted by 71% during the half-century ending in 2018, according to an unprecedented global analysis indicating that overfishing pushed three-quarters of the ecosystem-balancing species toward extinction.
It's possible that endangered sea turtle hatchlings born on important coastlines of the Red Sea are now mostly female, according to new research, and climate change is poised to push scorching nesting-site temperatures even higher.
An international team of researchers discovered a plant signal that causes roots to stop growing in hard soils but can be disabled to allow them to break through, potentially enabling new crop growth in damaged and compacted soils that can reduce agricultural output by half and cause significant losses each year.
Plants’ ability to keep absorbing close to one-third of human-caused carbon emissions could be slashed in half by 2040, as forests and other land ecosystems start releasing more carbon than they store, according to the first study to identify a photosynthesis “temperature tipping point” based on on-site data from around the world.
Scientists in Australia have figured out how to cripple an antibiotic-resistant superbug that's responsible for up to one in five bacterial infections in intensive care units by using bacteriophage viruses.
As the climate changes, lakes are on track to experience lengthier and more severe periods of extreme warm surface temperatures by the end of the century, novel research published Wednesday shows, with some even projected to reach a “permanent heatwave state” that could alter entire ecosystems and imperil the economic benefits they provide.
Participants who vaped a standard dose of CBD-dominant cannabis did not exhibit impaired driving in a recent study measuring the effects of the less-examined cannabidiol compound found in marijuana.
The gradual recovery of once-abundant Pacific Northwest beavers may be crucial not just to the state animal of Oregon but also to certain types of slow-developing amphibians that require the unique habitats created by beaver dams, according to new research.
Plastic debris that mysteriously returns from the shallow ocean floor to the coastal shoreline may be hitching a ride on uniquely capable but long-deteriorating Mediterranean seagrass meadows, according to a study published Thursday in Scientific Reports.
As higher education institutions continue to weigh welcoming students back to campus next term, a study published Wednesday in Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering suggests colleges that take the right precautions can reopen safely amid the pandemic despite experiencing “an extreme incidence” of COVID-19 in the initial weeks of fall classes that also impacted surrounding communities.
In the first large-scale analysis connecting specific long-term eating habits to cognitive activity in people’s later years, U.S. researchers tied daily consumption of cheese and red wine to higher levels of fluid intelligence.
U.S. scientists for the first time documented how bonefish, an economically important fish that lives in waters no deeper than six feet, spawn at remarkable depths as low as 450 feet, revealing important information for conserving the near-threatened species.
Unmarried people who live alone, women with little education and — in a unique finding — men at opposite ends of the education spectrum were at higher risk of death due to increasingly severe high temperatures in northern Italy, according to the first comprehensive assessment of social inequalities in the relationship between urban heat and health outcomes.
Researchers in the United Kingdom say they’ve found the strongest evidence yet that short telomeres contribute to the cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a deadly and incurable lung disease of mysterious origins that affects millions worldwide.
North American trees and shrubs are only filling out about half the suitable land that would be expected under current climate conditions, challenging the accuracy of a popular method for predicting species distribution as the planet warms and revealing a possible need for contentious conservation methods like managed relocation, researchers say.
Sparing the planet the most catastrophic effects of climate change will require a new focus on curbing the negative impact of the global food system, which accounts for nearly one-third of all greenhouse gas emissions and could doom the international Paris accord even if all other major emissions sources are eliminated, according to research published in Science.
When gestating mothers experience anxiety, it may affect brain development in their fetuses, scientists at Children’s National Hospital in Washington, D.C., have found.
Tracking the spread of coronavirus through sewage could be improved by examining solid rather than liquid human waste, researchers found, enhancing a rapidly developing technique for containing the deadly disease through public health measures.