Kate Baggaley

Kate Baggaley

Reporter, Life Sciences and Physical Sciences

Kate Baggaley, based in northern New Jersey, covers Life Sciences and Physical Sciences for The Academic Times. Prior to that, Kate was a freelance reporter whose work appeared in Popular Science, NBC News MACH and other publications. She has a master’s degree from New York University’s Science, Health, and Environmental Reporting Program and a degree in biology from Vassar College.

This decade will be a make-or-break point for the space junk problem. (Pixabay/WikiImages)
This decade will be a make-or-break point for the space junk problem. (Pixabay/WikiImages)So much debris from past missions has accumulated in low Earth orbit that between one-third and half of the zone’s capacity to sustain long-term space activities has already been filled, scientists have reported.

Increasing salinity in fresh water causes more bacteria to be released into the air. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)
Increasing salinity in fresh water causes more bacteria to be released into the air. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)Increasing the saltiness of freshwater changes the number and types of bacteria that are launched into the air by breaking waves and bursting bubbles, which could have implications for the risk that people will be exposed to toxins from harmful algal blooms in the future.

An Italian volcano might be waking up. (Stefano Caliro)
An Italian volcano might be waking up. (Stefano Caliro)Scientists tracked escalating gaseous emissions from magma beneath a volcanic crater near Naples, Italy, and concluded that the related increases in pressure and temperature helped trigger the numerous low-magnitude earthquakes the area has experienced in recent years.

Urban oil wells have health impacts for the surrounding neighborhoods. (Nicole Wong)
Urban oil wells have health impacts for the surrounding neighborhoods. (Nicole Wong)People who live near active or dormant oil wells have poorer lung function than those whose homes are farther away, according to a study of two predominantly low-income Black and Latinx neighborhoods in South Los Angeles.

The land is sinking and the sea is rising, meaning Texas floods will be more severe. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)
The land is sinking and the sea is rising, meaning Texas floods will be more severe. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)Houston and other cities in the populous southeastern part of the Lone Star State are likely to face worsened flooding later this century due to the combined impacts of sea level rise and a gradual sinking of the land, scientists have reported.

The Cretaceous saw billions of T. rex roaming the Earth. (Keegan Houser)
The Cretaceous saw billions of T. rex roaming the Earth. (Keegan Houser)During its reign of more than 2 million years, Tyrannosaurus rex persisted for more than 125,000 generations and ultimately spawned roughly 2.5 billion tyrant lizards, scientists reported this week.

Scientists are learning more about whether these planets can sustain life. (NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle via AP)
Scientists are learning more about whether these planets can sustain life. (NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle via AP)Scientists have separated out a trio of key processes to understand how each one keeps heat moving and shapes the atmospheres of tidally locked planets, which have permanent day and night sides.

Warm water in Antarctica is causing troubling developments along an ice shelf. (Alexsandra Mazur)
Warm water in Antarctica is causing troubling developments along an ice shelf. (Alexsandra Mazur)For the first time, scientists have visited the northwestern face of the vast Thwaites Ice Shelf, in Antarctica, and discovered that it is inundated with warm water from multiple directions, which could speed its melting.

Solar power facilities disturb animal habitats, no matter their size. (Ji Yoon Kim)
Solar power facilities disturb animal habitats, no matter their size. (Ji Yoon Kim)Solar power facilities in Japan and South Korea can destroy substantial amounts of wildlife habitats, but building future plants in urban areas could mitigate the damage, scientists have reported.

New facts about Osiris' atmosphere have been discovered, telling us more about where this "hot Jupiter" formed. (NASA/European Space Agency)
New facts about Osiris' atmosphere have been discovered, telling us more about where this "hot Jupiter" formed. (NASA/European Space Agency)Scientists have observed an array of molecules in the atmosphere of a well-known "hot Jupiter" that indicate the exoplanet formed much farther from its sun than previously thought.

An increase in Arctic lightning strikes is another way climate change is expected to impact the world. (Unsplash/NOAA)
An increase in Arctic lightning strikes is another way climate change is expected to impact the world. (Unsplash/NOAA)Summer lightning strikes across the Arctic could more than double by the end of the century, potentially altering the vegetation and soil in ways that further exacerbate the impacts of climate change.

New technology could let spacecraft dodge satellites in orbit. (Unsplash/NASA)
New technology could let spacecraft dodge satellites in orbit. (Unsplash/NASA)Researchers are seeking a patent for a technique that would estimate the relative locations of satellites beyond low Earth orbit with unprecedented accuracy, which could allow spacecraft to navigate autonomously at high altitudes.