Miles Martin

Miles Martin

Reporter, Life Sciences and Physical Sciences

@ArtfulSci

Miles Martin, based in Kingston, Rhode Island, covers Life Sciences and Physical Sciences for The Academic Times. Prior to that, Miles worked on the media and communications team at Cell Press and as a freelance science writer. He holds an MSc in science communication and public engagement from the University of Edinburgh.

Despite the risks of cesarean sections, more women are pursuing them around the world. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
Despite the risks of cesarean sections, more women are pursuing them around the world. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana) Women with strong preferences about their method of childbirth are strongly driven by both fear and the desire to have control over the birthing process, according to a new analysis of 52 studies on the views and perspectives of women regarding cesarean sections and vaginal birth.

Some fungi reduce rather than increase carbon in soil. (Unsplash/Gustav Gullstrand)
Some fungi reduce rather than increase carbon in soil. (Unsplash/Gustav Gullstrand) Researchers working in Swedish boreal forests found that ectomycorrhizal fungi — symbiotic fungi that exchange nutrients with trees — are associated with a significant reduction in stored soil carbon, which could have implications for maintaining the important environmental services these forests provide, such as nutrient cycling.

Lebanese men fish from a rocky coastal area along the Mediterranean Sea. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
Lebanese men fish from a rocky coastal area along the Mediterranean Sea. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein) By collecting and analyzing DNA floating in the water, researchers working in the Mediterranean found that more species of fish live outside government-protected areas than within them, highlighting a “biodiversity conservation paradox” in marine nature reserves.

Now with wireless monitors, delivering in the hospital can be a much more freeing experience. (Northwestern University)
Now with wireless monitors, delivering in the hospital can be a much more freeing experience. (Northwestern University) Researchers have developed a series of small, wireless sensors that can monitor the vital signs of pregnant women and their babies, replacing the bulky, antiquated systems that have been used for fetal monitoring for decades.

Mice can get information about their environment by detecting subtle changes in odors. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
Mice can get information about their environment by detecting subtle changes in odors. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky) By detecting subtle but rapid changes in odors moving through the air, mice are able to gather information about the space around them while also overcoming behavioral challenges, such as distinguishing sources of odor, new research suggests.

Scientists used thale cress leaves, like the ones seen here, to study plant response to bacteria. (Shutterstock)
Scientists used thale cress leaves, like the ones seen here, to study plant response to bacteria. (Shutterstock) Researchers studying thale cress plants have discovered that the microbiome, a collection of benign bacteria that live in and on the plant, stimulates a common immune response that helps train the immune system to combat harmful pathogens.

An Africanized honeybee (left) and a European honeybee on a honeycomb. (USDA Agricultural Research Service/Scott Bauer)
An Africanized honeybee (left) and a European honeybee on a honeycomb. (USDA Agricultural Research Service/Scott Bauer) Researchers have developed a technique for "listening" in on the electrostatic signals honeybees emit to communicate with one another, allowing scientists to gather information about the health and behavior of the bees directly from the source.

The Jack Hills of Western Australia, where the zircons studied were sampled from 15 grapefruit-sized rocks collected by the research team. (University of Rochester/Dustin Trail)
The Jack Hills of Western Australia, where the zircons studied were sampled from 15 grapefruit-sized rocks collected by the research team. (University of Rochester/Dustin Trail) The oldest minerals in the world have provided researchers with new evidence that plate tectonics, the large-scale movement of the Earth’s crust that is responsible for many geological phenomena, began 3.6 billion years ago.

Keep some small fish on your stringer along with the large ones to help fishery diversity, (Pixabay/Petr Kuznetsov)
Keep some small fish on your stringer along with the large ones to help fishery diversity, (Pixabay/Petr Kuznetsov) By analyzing the impact of ocean warming and size-selective fishing on six generations of zebrafish, Australian researchers have found that fisheries can help buffer the impacts of climate change on their stock by fishing randomly rather than indiscriminately capturing large fish.

Childhood diarrhea kills thousands, and now the factors contributing to it are becoming clearer. (AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi)
Childhood diarrhea kills thousands, and now the factors contributing to it are becoming clearer. (AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi) In one of the widest-reaching studies on childhood diarrhea, researchers have uncovered trends in a range of individual-, community- and country-level factors that contribute to the disease, including a nearly threefold increase in prevalence for developing countries.

Lab research to save coral will be easier thanks to this discovery. (Pexels/Francesco Ungaro)
Lab research to save coral will be easier thanks to this discovery. (Pexels/Francesco Ungaro) Researchers in Japan have created the first line of coral cells that can live and proliferate long enough to be useful for lengthy research projects in the lab, solving a well-known problem in coral cell biology.

Fatty acids have made it possible for researchers to more accurately date past volcanic eruptions. (Pexels/DSD)
Fatty acids have made it possible for researchers to more accurately date past volcanic eruptions. (Pexels/DSD) In a first for geology, researchers in Japan used fatty acids from photosynthetic plankton to carbon-date sediments from one of the lakes around Mount Fuji, revealing a more accurate timeline of eruptions than was possible using previous dating methods.