Overheated workers produce less. (Pixabay/joko narimo)
Overheated workers produce less. (Pixabay/joko narimo)Warmer temperatures are associated with significant drops in worker productivity, with a more than 2% drop in annualized output for each 1 degree Celsius increase in temperature, according to a new paper using data from manufacturers in India.

Blue-collar work leads to heavier drinking. (Pixabay/Candid Shots)
Blue-collar work leads to heavier drinking. (Pixabay/Candid Shots)The likelihood that the average person is a heavy drinker varies widely depending on their profession, and blue-collar jobs are more highly associated with alcohol abuse, according to a new study by two researchers who examined data from more than 100,000 British workers.

Jails make areas around them sicker. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)
Jails make areas around them sicker. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)Negative effects of jail extend beyond the correctional facility's walls, according to a new study by U.S. researchers, who found that increases in the incarceration rate were associated with statistically significant upticks in death due to infectious diseases, substance abuse, suicide and other factors in surrounding areas.

Small banks and credit unions are better for neighborhoods. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)
Small banks and credit unions are better for neighborhoods. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)Areas of the U.S. with more branches of large Wall Street banks experienced higher unemployment and slower recovery from the Great Recession than regions with more localized financial institutions, according to a new study that researchers say has serious implications for the current economic crisis.

Results of vaccination trials may be skewed. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)
Results of vaccination trials may be skewed. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)White people and women are consistently overrepresented in U.S. vaccine trials while some racial and ethnic minorities and men are underrepresented, according to a new study of more than 200 trials.

Innovation needs to be paired with reducing income inequality for maximum effect. (AP Photo/Matt Young)
Innovation needs to be paired with reducing income inequality for maximum effect. (AP Photo/Matt Young)Increasing innovation and reducing income inequality are needed in tandem to combat climate change, according to a new paper that researchers say is the first to uncover this interaction.

As metals prices rise, so do risks. (AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi)
As metals prices rise, so do risks. (AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi)When the prices of metals rise, U.S. mining companies are less likely to comply with safety regulations and miners are more likely to be injured on the job, according to new work by a group of leading American economists who say their findings could also be applicable across other less-dangerous private industries.

Robots haven't boosted productivity as much as anticipated. (AP Photo/Carlos Osorio)
Robots haven't boosted productivity as much as anticipated. (AP Photo/Carlos Osorio)Robots have had a relatively minuscule effect on global productivity despite their widespread adoption in the manufacturing sector, according to a new paper by a group of French economists.

Neanderthals were more advanced than previously thought. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)
Neanderthals were more advanced than previously thought. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)Neanderthals lived in more southerly climates and used technology closer to that of modern-day humans than archaeologists previously believed, according to a new paper by researchers who examined fossils and tools from what is now the Palestinian West Bank.

Normalization of trade helps heal the gender gap, but at a cost. (AP Photo/Stephen B. Morton)
Normalization of trade helps heal the gender gap, but at a cost. (AP Photo/Stephen B. Morton)The normalization of trade relations between the U.S. and China in the 2000s significantly reduced the gender pay gap between men and women in U.S. regions that were vulnerable to offshoring and outsourcing, new research has shown, as some men dropped out of the labor force and women stepped in.

New info indicates white police officers are more likely to use violence than other officers. (AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh)
New info indicates white police officers are more likely to use violence than other officers. (AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh)Black and Hispanic police officers stop, arrest and use force on people significantly less often than their white counterparts, according to a first-of-its kind study using data from the Chicago Police Department.

Targeted ads work ... as long as the targets don't know they're targets. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)
Targeted ads work ... as long as the targets don't know they're targets. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)In-store ads that target customers using facial recognition technology to detect their moods can increase sales and positive brand perceptions for retailers, potentially giving brick-and-mortar stores a way to compete with increasingly dominant online retailers like Amazon, according to a new study by three Austrian researchers.

Economics affect the likelihood of cardiovascular disease. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)
Economics affect the likelihood of cardiovascular disease. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)While middle-aged people in prosperous areas of the U.S. have become less likely to die of cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks and strokes, the progress has not extended to residents of less well-off regions, according to a new paper by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University.

Better benefits equal better mental health. (AP Photo/Jason R. Henske)
Better benefits equal better mental health. (AP Photo/Jason R. Henske)When governments in developed countries like the U.S. and Britain provide extra support for low-income people through tax credits and more generous unemployment benefits, individuals’ mental health and wellbeing generally improve, according to a new paper by a group of U.K. researchers.

Being threatened with a gun makes teens more likely to pick one up. (AP Photo/Orange County District Attorney)
Being threatened with a gun makes teens more likely to pick one up. (AP Photo/Orange County District Attorney)People who are threatened with firearms while adolescents are more than three times as likely to commit gun violence when they grow up in comparison to other at-risk youth, according to a new first-of-its-kind study using nearly two decades of data from Chicago.

Resource extraction might be bad news for rural communities. (AP Photo/Jeri Clausing)
Resource extraction might be bad news for rural communities. (AP Photo/Jeri Clausing)When foreign corporations buy rural land in developing countries to extract natural resources, they weaken existing residents’ community ties and exacerbate poverty, according to a new research paper using data from 68 countries.

Getting back on the gold standard is an expensive proposition. (AP Photo/Barry Thumma)
Getting back on the gold standard is an expensive proposition. (AP Photo/Barry Thumma)Returning to the gold standard would cost the world’s largest economies $3.5 trillion, according to new research, shedding light on a policy idea shunned by mainstream economists that nonetheless gained ground among conservatives during the Trump administration.

A gender-balanced workplace is a happier workplace. (Pixabay/David Mark)
A gender-balanced workplace is a happier workplace. (Pixabay/David Mark)Workers in gender-balanced workplaces are more fulfilled than those who work with predominantly men or women and the gender of one’s immediate boss has no significant effect on job satisfaction, according to a new paper using data from 35 European countries.

Bitcoin should be regulated as technology, researchers say. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
Bitcoin should be regulated as technology, researchers say. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies should be classified as technology and be regulated primarily by private sector tech firms in order to best prevent the digital currency from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing, three researchers have argued in a new paper.

Free laptops aren't having the intended effect. AP Photo/David Zalubowski
Free laptops aren't having the intended effect. AP Photo/David ZalubowskiProviding schoolchildren with personal laptops does not lead to improvement in their standardized test scores and even worsens academic performance among students of lower socioeconomic status, according to a new study using data from Sweden.